EU Ecodesign requirements for fluorescent lamps, for high intensity discharge lamps, and for their ballasts
The annual electricity consumption of fluorescent lamps without integrated ballasts and high-intensity discharge lamps is extremely high in the European Union (EU). It is predicted to increase to 260 TWh in 2020, according to European Commission estimates. This consumption is at the heart of several environmental issues such as the increase in CO2 emissions. Moreover, the inappropriate outdoor use of these lamps increases both light pollution and the energy consumption of lighting. This Regulation therefore sets ecodesign requirements for these products with a view to reducing their environmental impact.
This Regulation lays down the ecodesign rules applicable to certain types of lamps to be used for general lighting, specifically:
fluorescent lamps without integrated ballast,
high intensity discharge lamps, and
ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps.
This Regulation defines ecodesign requirements in three progressive stages (2009, 2012 and 2017), each representing a gradual increase in the targets and/or extending the scope of the requirements to new sub-categories of products. These requirements concern:
lamps: they must meet efficacy, performance and information requirements. The different types of lamps must reach a certain luminous efficacy in each wattage category, and meet lamp life and lamp lumen maintenance requirements. Furthermore, manufacturers of lamps are required to provide information concerning, in particular, the wattage, lamp lumen, efficacy, maintenance factor, mercury content, colour rendering index and colour temperature of the lamps.
ballasts: they must meet energy performance and information requirements. When the lamps are switched on, the ballasts must comply with minimum efficacy thresholds. In addition, the power consumption of fluorescent lamp ballasts shall not exceed 1.0 W when the connected lamps are switched off. Manufacturers of ballasts are required to provide information on the energy efficiency index of products.
luminaires: they must meet energy performance and information requirements. When the lamps are switched on, the power consumption of the luminaires for fluorescent lamps shall not exceed that of the incorporated ballasts. Manufacturers of luminaires are required to provide information on the efficiency of all ballasts and lamps sold with a luminaire, as well as maintenance and disassembly instructions.